"THE STARS ALSO."

by E.W. Bullinger

   In the first mention of the heavenly bodies, the purpose of the Creator is clearly stated. In Gen.1:14-19 reveals the fact that they were created, not only "to divide the day from the night, and to give light upon the earth; but, they were set "for signs, and seasons, and for days and years".

   The Figure Polysyndeton empathizes these four purposes, and bids us single them out and consider them separately and independently.

   They are "for SIGNS"

   Heb. 'oth, from 'athak, to come. Signs, therefore, of something or some One to come. Those who understand them are enlightened by them. Those who do not may well be "dismayed" (Jer.10:2).

   The stars are numbered and named. There are twelve signs of the Zodiac, called "the stars" in Gen.37:9 (eleven of which bowed down to Joseph's twelfth). The word Zodiac means the degrees or steps, which mark the stages of the sun's path trough the heaven's, corresponding with the twelve month's.

   The stars were all named by God (Ps.147:4). Most of these names have been lost; but over 100 are preserved through the Arabic and Hebrew, and are used by astronomers today, though their meaning is unknown to most of them. Many of them are used in Scripture as being well known, though the translations are somewhat speculative; example JOB 9:9. Heb.'ash (Arcturus, R.V. the Bear), kesil (A.V. Orion), kimash (Pleiades's). JOB 38:31,32 mazzaroth (margin, and R.V., the twelve signs; margin, the signs of the Zodiac). Cp. 2 Kings 23:5, 'ash (Arcturus with her sons, R.V. the Bear with her train, both versions being incorrect as to the names). See also Isa.13:10. Amos 5:8.

   These names and the twelve "signs" go back to the foundations of the world. Jewish tradition, preserved by Josephus, assures us that this Bible astronomy was invented by Adam, Seth, and Enoch.

   We see evidence of it as early as Gen.11:4, where we read of the Tower of Babel having "his top with the heavens". There is nothing about the wrongly supplied italics "may reach unto". The words doubtless, refer to the signs of the Zodiac, pictured at the top of the Tower, like the Zodiacs in the Temples of Denderah, and Esneh in Egypt.

   The Babylonian "Creation Tablets" refer to them, though their primitive meaning had been either corrupted or lost. It is the same with Greek mythology, which is a corruption of primitive truth which had been lost and perverted.

   We have to remember that our written Scriptures began with Moses, say in 1490 B.c.: and thus, for more than 2,500 years, the revelation of the hope which God gave in Gen.3:15 was preserved in the naming of the stars and their grouping in Signs and Constellations.

   These groupings are quite arbitrary. There is nothing in the positions of the stars to suggest the pictures originally drawn around them. The Signs and the Contellations were first designed and named; then, the pictures were drawn around them respectively. Thus the truth was enshrined and written in the heavens, where no human hand could touch it. In latter years, when Israel came into possession of the written "Scriptures of Truth", there was no longer any need for the more ancient writing in the heavens. Hence, the original teaching gradually faded away, and the heathen, out of the smattering they had heard by tradition, evolved their cosmogonies and mythologies.

   Ps.19 contains a vivid reference to these two Books of revelation. That is why there is a very sudden change of subject at v.7; a change which still perplexes and baffles all the skill of "commentators".

   The teaching is preserved in the structure of the Psalm, where we have

A | 1-4-. The Heavens
  B | -4-6. "In them, the sum".
A | 7-10. The Scriptures.
  B | "In them, Your servant".

In this structure every line emphasizes the elaboration of the design: for, while, in the first half, all the terms are literary, in the latter half they are astronomical, thus welding the two portions of the Psalm into one harmonious whole.

   For the meaning of the words, references must be made to the Psalm itself. We can only note here that the first part does not refer to the wonders of creation, but to the eloquence of its teaching and revelation: they "declare", tell, or narrate (Gen.24:66. Ps.71:15), they "utter speech", but without words (omit "where" in v.3); Heb.= they "show forth", exhibit (Gen.3:11. Ps.97:6; 111:6); they prophecy "day by day", "night by night". The question is: What do they prophecy? What knowledge do they show forth? What glory do they tell of?

   The answer is - Gen.3:15. The one great central truth of all prophecy - the coming One, Who, though He should suffer, should in the end crush the head of the old serpent, the Devil.

   But, where are we to open this book? Where are we to break into this circle of the Zodiacal signs?

   Through the "precession of the Equinoxes" the sun gradually shifts its position a little each year, till in about every 2,000 years it begins the year in a different sign. This was foreseen; and it was also foreseen that succeeding generations would not know when and where the sun began its course, and where we were to open its first page. Hence the "Sphinx" was invented as a memorial. It had the head of a woman and the body and tail of a lion, to tell us that this Book, written in the Heavens, began with the sign "Virgo", and will end with the sign "Leo". The word "sphinx" is from the Greek sphino, to join; because it binds together the two ends of this circle of the heavens.

   The number of the Signs is twelve, the number of governmental perfection or "rule": cp. Gen.1:18. They are divided into three books of four chapters (or signs) each: twelve being the product of 3 X 4, i.e. of Divine truth working in the heavens and in the earth (see next page for Biblical Numerics).

   Each book, therefore, consists of four signs; and these are all arranged, by structure, in exactly the same way. Each in an introversion. Thus we have the three books:

First Book. THE REDEEMER.

(His first coming.)

A | VIRGO. The prophecy of the promised seed.
  B | LIBRA. The Redeemer's work (grace)
  B | SCORPIO. The Redeemer's conflict.
A | SAGITTARIUS. The prophecy fulfilled.

Second Book. The REDEEMED.

(His work and its results.)

C | CAPRICORNUS. The prophecy of
                                deliverance.
  D | AQUARIUS. Results of work bestowed.
  D | PISCES. Results of work enjoyed.
C | ARIES. The prophesied deliverance
                    fulfilled.

Third book. The Redeemer.

(His second coming.)

E | TAURUS. The prophecy of coming judgment.
  F | GEMINI. The Redeemer's reign in glory.

  F | CANCER. The Redeemer's possession
                        safe.
E | LEO. The prophecy of triumph fulfilled.

   Each of the four chapters in each of these three Books consists of three sections; ad each section is represented by a Constellation. There are thus 36 (3x12) Constellations, which, with the twelve Signs, make 48 (4x12) in all.
   They may thus be set forth:


The First Book.

The Redeemer.

"The sufferings of Christ."


I. VIRGO (A)

The prophecy of the coming seed.

1. COMA (=The desired). The woman and the child desired of all nations (in the most ancient Zodiacs).
2. CENTAURUS (with two natures). The despised sin-offering.
3. BOOTES. The coming One with branch.


II. LIBRA (B)

The Redeemer's atoning work

1. CRUX. The Cross endued.
2. LUPUS. The Victim slain.
3. CORONA. The Crown bestowed.


III. SCORPIO (B)

The Redeemer's conflict.

1. SERPENS. Assaulting the man's heel.
2.OPHIUCHUS. the man grasping the serpent.
3. HERCULES. The mighty man victorious.


IV. SAGITTARIUS (A)

The Redeemer's triumph.

1. LYRA. Praise prepared for the Conqueror.
2. ARA. Fire prepared for his enemies.
3. DRACO. The dragon cast down.


The Second Book.

The Redeemed.


I. CAPRICORNUS (C)

The results of the Redeemer's suffering's

1. SAGITTA. the arrow of God sent forth.
2. AQUILA. The smitten One falling.
3. DELPHINUS. The dead One rising again.


II. AQUARIUS (D)

The blessings assured.

1. PISCIS AUSTRALIS. the blessing bestowed.
2. PEGASUS. The blessings quickly coming.
3. CYGNUS. The Blesser surely returning.


III. PISCES (D)

The blessings in abeyance.

1. THE BAND. The great enemy, "Cetus."
2. ANDROMEDA. The redeemed in bondage.
3. CEPHEUS. The Deliverer coming to loosen.


IV. ARIES (C)

The blessings consummated.

1. CASSIOPEIA. The captive delivered.
2. CETUS. The great enemy bound.
3. PERSEUS. The "Breaker" delivering.


The Third Book.

The Redeemer.
"The glory that should follow."


I. TAURUS (E).

Messiah coming to rule

1. ORION. The Redeemer breaking forth as Light.
2. ERIDANUS. Wrath breaking forth as a flood.
3. AURIGA. Safety for His redeemed in the day of wrath.


II. GEMINI. (F)

Messiah as Prince of princes

1. LEPUS. The enemy trodden under foot.
2. CANIS MAJOR. The coming glorious Prince.
3. CANIS MINOR. The exalted Redeemer.


III. CANCER. (F).

Messiah's redeemed possessions.

1. URSA MINOR. The lesser sheepfold.
2. URSA MAJOR. The fold and the flock.
3. ARGO. The pilgrim's arrival at home.


IV. LEO. (E).

Messiah's consummated triumph.

1. HYDRA. The old serpent destroyed.
2. CRATER. The cup of wrath poured out.
3. CORVUS. The birds of prey devouring.


   It will be noted that some modern names are used, but only for the purpose of readier identification. Some of the names were given in ignorance, by those who had lost the primitive signification of the twelve Signs and of the 36 Constellations.
   The Hebrew and Arabic names are these, and of the principal stars contained in them, are full of truth, and eloquent in their teaching. Thus:-

Virgo

(the Virgin).
   Here we have the star Al Zimach, Heb. Zemach, the branch. Isa.4:2. Jer.23:5,6. Zech.3:8; 6:12. All the other stars have cognate meanings.
     COMA. The desired (Hag.2:7). Num.24:17. (Egyptian Shes-nu=the desired son.)
     CENTAURUS. Al Beze, the despised (Isa.53:3).
     BOOTES. (Heb. bo', to come), Ps.96:13. Heb. Arcturus (Job 9:9=He comes). Egyptian=Smat, one who rules.

LIBRA.

   was anciently the Altar (Accadian=Tulki). The two bright stars are to-day called in Arabic Zubin al Genubi=the prince which is deficient, and Zubin al Chemali=the prince which covers.
     CRUX. Heb. karath, to cut off (Dan.9:26).
     LUPUS. Greek name Thera, a beast. Latin Victima. Hebrew zabah, slain. In the Zodiac of Denderah=Sura, a lamb.
     CORONA. Heb. 'atarah, a royal crown. Arab. Al iclil, a jewel. Its brightest star=Al phema, the shining one.

SCORPIO.

   Heb. 'akrab (Ps.91:13. Coptic name=Isidis=the attack of the enemy. Arabic=Al aterah, the wounding of the Coming one. The brightest star is Antares (Arab.=wounding). Heb. lezuth, perverseness.
     SERPENS. The brightest star is called (Heb). 'anak=encompassing. Heb. kelalah=the accursed. Arab. Al hay, the reptile.
     OPIUCHUS. In Arab. Afeichus=the serpent held. The brightest star is Ras al hagus=the head of him that holds. Other names are Regeras=contending. In the Zodiac of Denderah he is Api-bau=the chief who comes. Other stars are triphas=treading under foot; Saiph=bruised; Carnebas=bruised.
     HERCULES. In the Zodiac of Denderah called Bau=who comes. Arab. Al giscale, the strong one. The brightness star, Ras al Gethi=the head of him who bruises.

SAGITTARIUS.

  Heb.kesheth (an archer, Gen.21:20). The brightest star, Heb. channun=the gacious one (Ps.45:2). Accadian, Nun-ki=Prince of the earth. In the Zodiac of Denderah, Pi-maere=graciousness, and Knem, He conquers.
     LYRA. (Ps.65:1) The brightest star Vega=He shall be exalted. In the Zodiac of Denderah=Fent-kar=the serpent ruled. Originally an eagle, from confusion between Heb. nesher, and shir (song, or music).
     ARA. An altar upside down, pointing to Tartarus (Isa.63:4,5). Arab. Al mugamra=the completing or finishing (Ps.21:9-12).
     DRACO. Ends the first Book. The dragon cast down. CETUS ends the second Book. Leviathan bound. HYDRA ends the third Book. The old serpent destroyed. Draco=trodden on. (Ps.91:13; 74:12-14. Isa.27:1). In the Zodiac of Denderah it is a serpent under the fore-feet of Sagittarius and called Her-fent=the serpent accursed. The brightest star called Thuban=the subtil.

CORNUCOPIAS.

   = the goat of atonement. In the Zodiac of Denderah and Esneh, hu-penius=the place of the sacrifice. Heb. Gedi, the kid, or Gad'a, cut off. The brighest star is Al-gedi=the kid. Th next is Denab al gedi=the sacrifice of the kid.
     SAGITA, the arrow. (Ps.38:2. Isa.53:4,5) Heb. Shamad, or shamem=destroying.     AQUILA, the eagle, pierced and wounded and falling. The brightest star, Al tairwounding. All others are similar.
     DELPHINUS. Always a fish full of life, the head upwards. Heb. =the pouring out of water. Arab. Dalaph=coming quickly.

AQUARIUS.

   In the Zodiac of Denderah he has two urns. The fish seems to have come out of one of them. Heb. name Dali=water-urn or bucket (Num.24:7). Brightest star Sa'ad al Melik=the record of the pouring forth. The next Sa'ad al Sund=who goes and returns (cp. sa.32:1,2; 35:1,6; 41:18; 44:2-6; 51:3).
     PISCIS AUSTRALIS. The southern fish. Arab. Fom al haut=the mouth of the fish. Zodiac of Denderah=Aar, a stream.
     PEGASUS. The winged horse. Zodiac of Denderah Pe and ka=Peka, or pega. Heb. pehah=the chief, and sus, a horse; name thus come down. The brightest is Markab, Heb. merhak=returning from afar.
     CYGNUS. In the Zodiac of Denderah, Tes-ark=this from afar. A mighty bird, not falling like Aquila. Brightest star Deneb=the Judge; called also Adige=flying swiftly. The second, Al Bireo=flying quickly. Two other; Azel=who goes and returns quickly, and Fafage=gloriously shining forth.

PISCES

.    Egyptian name in the Zodiac of Denderah=Pi-cot Orion or Pisces Hori=the fishes (i.e. swarms or multitudes) of Him Who comes. Heb. Dagim, the fishes (Gen.48:16). Syr. name, Numo=lengthened out (i.e. posterity). Cp. Isa.53:10. Ps.33:12; 37:22; 115:14,15. Isa.61:9; 65:23; 26:15; 9:3. Jer.30:19. Ezek.36:10,11; 37:26. Note the two fishes=the earthly and heavenly callings (one fish horizontal, the other looking upward). 113 stars much of the same magnitude. The brightest star is Okda=the united. the next (Arabic) Al samaca=the upheld. (Isa.41:8-10).
     THE BAND. Egyptian name U-or=He comes binding tem together (Hos.11:4); and breaking the band which binds tem to their old enemy (Cetus).
     ANDROMEDA. Name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Set, which means seated as a queen. Also, Sirco=the chained. The brightest star is Al Phiratz=the broken down. The next, Alamok (Arab.)=stuck down. (Isa.54:11-14; 51:21. Jer.14:17.)
     CHEPHUS The king. In the Zodiac of Denderah Pe-ku-hor=this one comes to rule. Chephus is Greek from Heb. zemah=the Branch. Etheopian name, Hyh=a king. The brightest star is Al Deramin=coming quickly. The next is Al Phirk=the Redeemer. The next, Al Rai'=who bruises or breaks. (Jer.31:1)

ARIES

   The ram or lamb full of vigor. Not falling in death like Capricornus. The name in the Zodiac of Denderah Tametouris Ammon=the reign or rule of Ammon. Heb. name Taleh=the lamb. Arab. Al Hamel=the sheep. Syr. Amroo, as in John 1:20. The Accadian name was Bar-Ziggar=the altar making right=the sacrifice of righteousness. The brightest star is El nath, or El natik=wounded, or slain. The next, Al Sharatan=the bruised, or wounded. Cp. Rev.5:9-12.
      CASSIOPEIA. The enthroned woman. Arabic name El seder=the freed. In the Zodiac of Denderah Set=seated as a queen. Arabic Ruchba=the enthroned. The brightest star is Schedir=the freed. the next, Kaph (Heb.)=the branch. (Isa.54:5-8; 62:3-5. Jer.31:3-13. Ps.45:9-17. Isa.61:10-11).
     CETUS. The sea monster. the great enemy bound (Rev.20:10; cp. 20:1-3). The name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Knem=subdued. The brightest star is Menkar=the enemy chained. The next is Diphda, or Deneb Kaitos=overthrown, or thrust down. Another is Mira=the rebel. (Job 41:1-10. Isa.51:22,23; 26:21-27:1. Ps.74:12-14.)
     PERSEUS. The breaker. Heb. Perez. Greek, Perses, or Perseus (Rom.16:12. Mic.2:12,13). Name in the Zodiac of Denerahis Kar Knem=he who fights and subdues. Te brightest star is Mirfak=who helps. The next, Al Genib=who carries away. The next is Athik=who breaks.

TAURUS

   Messiah coming in judgment. Chald. Tor. Hence, Arabic Al Thaur; Greek, Tarous; Lat. Taurus. The common Heb. name is Shur=coming and ruling, and Re'em=pre-eminence. The brightest star is Al Debarah=the Leader or Governor. The next is El-nath=wounded or slain. The group Pleiades is Kimah=heap or accumulation. (Job 9:9; 38:31,32. Amos 5:8). A bright star is Al Cyone=the center. Heb. and Syr. name is Succoth=booths. Another group, i>Hyades=the congregated. (Deut.33:17. Ps.44:5. Isa.13:11-15; 34:2-8; 26:21).
     ORION. The coming Prince. Light breaking forth, through the Redeemer. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Ha-ga-t=this is He who triumphs. Oarion=Heb.'Or, light; or coming forth as light (cp. Job 9:9; 38:31. Amos 5:8). Heb. Kesil=a strong one (translated "orion" in Job 9:9; 38:31. Amos 5:8). The brightest star is Betelquez=the coming Branch (Mal.3:2). The next is Rigel or Regol=the foot of Him that crushes. The next is Bellatrix=swiftly destroying. Another is Al Nitak=the wounded One. Many others with names of cumulative meanings. (See Isa.42:13,14; 60:1-3).
     ERIDANUS. The river of judgment. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Peh-ta-t=the mouth of the river. The brightest star is Achernar=the after part of the river. So with the other names, going forth, flowing on (to the lower regions of the south). Dan.7:9-11. Ps.97:3-5; 50:3. Hab.3:5. Isa.30:27-33. Nah.1:5,6. Isa.66:15,16. Thess.1:7,8.
     AURIGA. The Shepherd. (Isa.40:10,11. Ezek.34:22). Auriga=Charioteer. The brightest star is Alioth=a she-goat. Modern Lat. name is Capella, same meaning. The next is Menkilinon=the band of the goats; bound, never to be lost again. (John 10:11). In the Zodiac of Denerah, the shepherd carries a sceptre (Trun), the top with a goat, and bottom with a cross. (Mal.4:1-3. Ps.37:38-40).

GEMINI.

The twins. Name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Clusus, or Claustrum Hori=the place of Him Who comes. The old Coptic name was Pi-Mahi=the united. Heb. Thaumin (from ta'am)=double. The root used in Ex.26:24 (twine together). The brightest star is Apollo=ruler or judge. The next is Hercules=who comes to labor and suffer. Another is Al Henah=hurt, wounded. (Isa.4:2; 32:1,2. Jer.23:5,6; 33:14,15).
     LEPUS (the enemy trodden under foot). In the Zodiac of Denderah the name is Bashti-beki=falling confounded. Aratus says "chased eternally". The brightest star is Arnebo=the enemy of Him Who comes. Other stars are Nibal=the mad; Rakis, the bound; Surgia, the deciever. (Isa.63:3,4).
     CANIS MAJOR. Sirius, the Prince. In Zodiac of Denderah it is Apes=the head. In Persian Planisphere=a wolf (Heb. Sirius=the Prince. In Persian Tistrya or Tistar=the chieftan. The next is Mirzam=the prince. Another is Wesen=the shining, and another=Adhara=the glorious. Many other cognant names. (Isa.9:6; 55:4. Dan.8:23,25).
     CANIS MINOR. the second Dog. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is Sebak=conquering, victorious. The brightest star is Proyon=Redeemer. The next is Gomeisa (Arabic)=the burdened, bearing for others. Many other cognate names. (Isa.49:24-26; 59:19,20; 53:12).

CANCER.

   The Crab. Messiah's possessions held fast. In the Zodiac of Denderah and Esneh it is a sacred beetle. It's name there given is Klaria=cattle-folds. Arabic name is Al Sarta'n=He Who binds or holds together (Gen.49:11). The Greek name is Karkinos=encircling; the same as the Lat. Cancer, from Arabic Khan an Inn, and Ker, or Cer=encircling. The ancient Accadian is Su-kul-na=the seizer, or possessor of seed. A bright cluster is called Praesepe=a multitude or offspring. The brightest star is Tegmine=holding. Another is Acubene=the sheltering or the hidding-place. Another, Ma'alaph=assembled thousands. North and south of Praesepe are two bright stars, Assellus North and Assellus South: their sign is called the two asses, thus connecting it with Cancer, whch is the sign of Issachar (cp. Gen.49:14. Num.2:5).
     URSA MINOR. The little Bear=the lesser sheep-fld. The brightest star is Dubheh=a herd. Arabic Dubah means cattle. Heb. Dober=a fold, from dobe'=rest or security, rendered "strength" in Deut.33:25. See R.V. marg. All points to this (cp. Judg.5:16). The Heb. Dob=a bear. So Arabic Dub, and the Persian Deeb or Dob. Hence the mistake. The brightest star isAl riccaba=the turned or ridden on, denoting it as the Polar star. The Greeks called it Kunosoura=Cynosure, (a center of attention), but this word is Accadian. An-nas-sur-ra=high in rising; or high in heavenly position. The next bright star is Kochab=waiting Him Who comes.
     URSA MAJOR. The great Bear=the Fold and the Flock (Obad.17-19). In Job 9:9 and 38:31,32, it is called 'Ash and her offspring. A.V.=Arcturus and her sons. R.V.=Bear and His train (marg., sons). Arabs still call it Al naish or Annaish=the assmbled together as in a fold. The brightest star is Dubhe=a fock, which gives its name to the two constellations. The next is Merach=the flock (Arabic=purchased). The next is Phaeda or Pharda=numbered or gaurded (Ps.147:4). Another is called Benet Naish=daughters of the assembly. Another, Al Kaid=the assembled. Many other cognate names. (Cp. Ezek.34:12-16).
     ARGO. The Ship=the Pilgrams, safe at home. In the Egyptian Planisphere there are two ships (lie the two folds). They occupy one-half of the south meridians.The brightest star is Canopus=the possession of Him Who comes. Other names are Sephina=the multidude. Tureis=the possession. Asmidiska=the released who travel, &c. (see Jer.30:10,11. Isa.60:4-9).

LEO.

   The Lion. Messiah's consummated triumph. In the Zodiac of Denderah it i Pi Mentikeon=the pouring out (of Divine wrath). The three constellations crystallize the truth:
  1. Hydra=the old serpent destoyed.
  2. Crater=the cup of wrath poured out on him.
  3. Corvus=the bird of prey devouring him.
The Denderah picture exibits all four in one. The Syr. name is Ayro=the rending lion. Arab. Al Asad=the lion leaping forth as a flame. The brightest star is Regulus=treading under foot (as pictured). The next is Denebola=the Judge or Lord who comes. The next is Al Giebhathe exaltation. Another is Zosma=shining forth. All others are cognate. (Gen.49:8,9. Num.24:8,9. Amos 3:4,8. Isa.42:13).
     HYDRA. The Old Serpent. Hydra=he is abhorred. The brightest star is Cor Hydra=the heart of Hydra. Its ancient name is Al phard=the put away. Another is Al Drian=the abhored. Another is Minchar al Sugia=the percing of the deciever.
     CRATER. The Cup [of wrath poured out]. (Ps.75:75:8; 11:6. Rev.14:10; 16:19). The constellation has thirteen stars, the Biblical number for rebelion.
     CORVUS. The Raven. The birds of prey devouring. The name in the Zodiac of Denderah, Her-na=the enemy breaking up. There are nine stars (Biblical numerics 9=judgment). The brightest star is Chiba (Num.23:8)=accued. Another is Minchar al Gorab=the raven tearing to pieces.

   Thus ends the Scriptures of the Heavens. This is the story they tell forth. This is the "speech" they "utter". This is the "knowledge" they "show forth". There is no articulate speech or voice; and no words are heard , but their sayings have gone out into all the world (Ps.19:1-6).
   They are for

"SEASONS"


     Not only are the stars made for signs ('othoth from the root 'athah=to come), but for Seasons. These are not the four seasons of the year, but Cycles of time. The figure Polysyndeton in Gen.1:14 emphasises this: "and for seasons, and for days, and years". The word means appointed times. (Cp. Gen.17:21; 18:14; 21:2). Thus the sun, moon, and stars are for "signs" (things to come), and for "seasons" (apponted times).
   There are no less than ten of these cycles, all of them different; not concentric, but all of them coinciding at creation, but never since: like a number of hoops of diferent sizes hanging down from a nail. This shows that they must have had a simultanious start.
   1. The cycle of 24 hours for the day, an evening and morning.
   2. The revelution of the moon round the earth.
   3. The lunar cycle, which began at the same moment as the solar cycle.
   4. The daily revelution of the Sun,which places him on the meridian at each noon day.
   5. The Solar cycle, coinciding with the first of the seven years of lunar motion and repeating itself every 365 days.
   6. The beginning of the Week of seven days on the first day of the week, of the first month of the year of the first solar cycle.
   7. The first Eclipse of a cycle of eighteen years and eleven days, to which the ancient astonomers gave the name Saros; each Saros containing an average of seventy eclipses, divided into two portions of 594 years and 666 years, making together 1260 years.
   8. Beside these, there is the period of the Heliacal risings of Sirius, in a cycle of 162 years.
   9. The Transits of Venus,
   10. And the grand cycle known as the Precession of the Equinoxes.
   All these combine and unite in showing that the chronology of Archbishop Usher was substantially correct. And this proves that the inflated chronology of modern historians and theologins is entirely unscientific, being the hypothesis of men who dabbled in things outside their own sphere, and of which they were incompetent to form a correct judgment.

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!!!!! GOD bless you and have a GREAT DAY!!!!!