33:1-20. MANASSEH.
G16  Y  1. Introduction.
      Z  2-13. Events. Personal. Apostasy.
       A  14. Public events. Buildings.
      Z  15-17. Events. Personal. Reformation.
     Y  18-20. Conclusion.

(This chapter is complimentary to 2 Kings 21; vv. 11-17, concerning his information, are supplementary.)

588-522 B.C.
2 Chronicles 33)

1 Manasseh (= forgetful) was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:

2-13. EVENTS. PERSONAL. APOSTASY, AND REPENTANCE.
Z  e  2-9. Manasseh. His apostasy from Yahaveh.
    f  10-. Yahaveh's remonstrance.
     g  -10. Disregard.
      h  11. Captivity.
      h  12,13-. Deliverance.
     g  -13-. Regard.
    f  -13-. Yahaveh's restoration.
   e  -13. Manasseh. His acknowledgment of Yahaveh.

2-9. HIS APOSTASY.
e  i  2. Evil-doing. General.
    k  l  3. Heathen high places rebuilt.
        m  4,5. Temple profaned.
    k  l  6. Heathen practices resumed.
        m  7,8. Temple profaned.
   i  9. Evil-doing. General.

2 But did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord (Yehovah), like unto the abominations of the nations, whom the Lord had cast out before the sons of Israel.

3 For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves ('Ashērah. See Deut. 16:21), and worshiped all the host of heaven (cp. Deut. 17:3), and served them.

4 Also he built altars in the house of the Lord, whereof the Lord had said (in Deut. 12:11. 1 Kings 8:29; 9:3. 2 Chron. 6:6; 7:16), "In Jerusalem shall My name be for ever." (See Ps. 20:1)
5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the Lord.

6 And he caused his sons to pass through the fire (cp. Lev. 18:21. Deut. 18:10. 2 Kings 23:10. 2 Chron. 28:3) in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times (consulted auguries. Times = clouds, which were watched for auguries), and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit (see Lev. 19:31), and with wizards: he wrought much of the evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger.

7 And he set a carved image, the similitude which he had made, in the house of God, of which the [true] God had said to David even to Solomon his son, "In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put My name for ever:
8 Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; if only they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses."

9 So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the nations, whom the Lord had destroyed before the sons of Israel.

10 And the Lord spoke to Manasseh, and to his people:

but they would not hearken.

11 Wherefore the Lord brought upon them the princes (see "Gezer", 1 Kings 9:15-17) of the host of the king of Assyria (Ezar-haddon), which took Manasseh with hook (or rings. A monument has been found showing this king Esar-haddon leading 2 captives with hooks or rings through their lips. And in an inscription he says: "I transported [from Syria] into Assyria men and women innumerable...I counted among the vassals of my realm twelve kings of Syria, beyond the mountains, Balou king of Tyre, Manasseh king of Judah"), and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.

12 And when he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,
13 And prayed to Him:

and He was entreated of him,

and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom.

Then Manasseh knew that the Lord he was God.

14 Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon (see 32:3,4,30), in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ophel (northern part of Zion, south of Temple), and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah.

15 And he took away the strange gods, and the idol out of the house of the Lord, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of the Lord, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city.
16 And he repaired the altar of the Lord, and sacrificed thereon peace offerings and thank offerings, and commanded Judah to serve the Lord God of Israel.
17 Nevertheless the people did sacrifice still in the high places, yet to the Lord their God only.

18 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer to his God, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the Lord God of Israel, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel. (see 1 Kings 12:17)
19 His prayer also (not recorded. That given in the Apocrypha not considered genuine), and how God was entreated of him, and all his sins, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they are written among the sayings of the seers. (The chozai a beholder in vision. See 1 Chron. 29:29)
20 So Manasseh slept with his fathers (see Deut. 31:16), and they buried him in [the garden of] his own house (Cp. 2 Kings 21:18): and Amon his son reigned in his stead.

33:21-25. AMON.
G17  n  21. Introduction.
      o  22,23. Personal. Evil-doing. Committed.
      o  24. Personal. Evil-doing. Punished.
     n  25. Conclusion.

533-531 B.C.
21 Amon (= the mysterious. Cp. 2 Kings 21:19-24) was two and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned two years in Jerusalem.
22 But he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according as did Manasseh his father: for Amon sacrificed to all the carved images which Manasseh his father had made, and served them;
23 And humbled not himself before the Lord, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself; but he Amon he multiplied trespass more and more.
24 And his servants conspired against him, and slew him in his own house.
25 But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the People of the land (= the commonality) made Josiah his son king in his stead.

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