B¹ O 8:1–12:25. Choice of Saul. P 13:1–15:35. Provocation of Saul. Rejection threatened. O 16:1–27:4. Choice of David. P 27:5 – 2 Sam.1:27. Provocation of Saul. Rejection carried out.
O Q 8:1–10:26. Settlement in Kingdom. R 10:27. Men of Belial. S 11:1-11. Aggression of Nahash. R 11:12,13. Men of Belial. Q 11:14–12:25. Inauguration of Kingdom.
Q T 8:1-22-. King desired. U 8:-22. Dismissal of People to cities. T 9:1–10:25-. King given. U 10:-25,26. Dismissal of People to homes.
T l n 1-5. Desire expressed. o 6-9-. Compliance. m -9. Warning. (General). m 10-18. Warning. (Particular). l n 19,20. Desire persisted in. o 21,22-. Compliance.
1004 to 1000 B.C.
1 Samuel 8)
1: And it came to pass, when Samuel was old (from 28:3 he predeceased Saul by about 2 years. Consequently he acted for 38 years after Saul's anointing [i.e. 1000-962. B.C.]. When he anointed David he would be about 86; and lived to be about the age of Eli, 98 years), that he made his sons rulers over Israel.
2: Now the name of his firstborn was Joel (= to whom Yahaveh is El [God]); and the name of his second, Abiah (= my Father is Yahaveh): they were rulers in Beer-sheba.
3: And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes (contrary to Deut. 16:19), and perverted judgment. (They stooped to extortion. Bad children can come from good parents and visa versa)
4: Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel to Ramah,
5: And said to him, “Behold, you are old, and your sons walk not in your ways: now make us a king to rule us like all the nations. (Cp. Hos. 13:10,11. Acts 13:20,21. Note the words "gave rulers" and "desired a king". The Hebrew monarchy thus began with the choosing of Saul, and ended with the choosing of Cæsar. This is when men's trouble started - went from a Theocracy = God rules through a ruler; to Monarchy = Government of man ruling man. They didn't want God as a King, they wanted a flesh man as king. Be careful what you ask for - you might get it - to your hurt!)
6: But the thing was evil in the sight of Samuel (i.e. evil, in not waiting for God's time and for God's king, as promised. Gen. 17:6,16; 35:11; 49:10. Num. 24:17. Deut. 17:14-20), when they said, “Give us a king to rule us.” And Samuel prayed to the Lord.
7: And the Lord said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the People in all that they say to you: for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them.
8: According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, wherewith they have forsaken Me, and served other gods, so do they also to you.
9: Now therefore listen to their voice:
however yet protest solemnly (sincerely) to them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.”
10: And Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people that asked of him a king.
11: And he said, “This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots. (Fulfilled, 14:52)
12: And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to plow his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
13: And he will take your daughters to be confectioneries (= perfumers), and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
14: And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your olive-yards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants. (Corruption always works its way in)
15: And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards (cp. 1 Kings 21:7), and give to his officers, and to his servants.
16: And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men (Sept. reads "oxen"), and your asses, and put them to his work.
17: He will take the tenth of your sheep: and you all shall be his servants.
18: And you all shall cry out in that day because of your king which you all shall have chosen you; and the Lord will not answer you in that day.” (This applies to the end times when the whole world be whoring after the Anti-Christ [= instead of Christ = Satan]. Only one who is in Christ can escape these things)
19: Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, “No; but we will have a king over us;
20: That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may rule us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.”
21: And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the Lord.
22: And the Lord said to Samuel, “Listen to their voice, and make them a king.” (They are going to get their wish)
And Samuel said to the men of Israel, “Go all you every man to his city.”