1000 B.C.

1 Samuel 10)

1: Then Samuel took a flask of oil (not "the"), and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, “Is it not because the Lord (Note the Yahaveh [i.e. covenant] relationship. Here is another Homœoteleuton, which is preserved in the Sept. and Vulg., "Yahaveh [and you shall rule among the People of Yahaveh, and you shall save them out of the hand of their enemies, and this shall be a sign to you, that] Yahaveh has, &c. The eye of the ancient scribe evidently went back to the latter of these two words "Yahaveh" and accidentally omitted the words between them) has anointed you to be a captain (not "the") over his inheritance?

2-13. Directions by Samuel.

B  w  2-6. Signs.
    x  7. Command.
    x  8. Appointment.
   w  9-13. Signs fulfilled.

2: When you are departed from me today, then you shall find two men by Rachel's sepulchre (cp. Gen.35:20) in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah (3 signs given [cp. Mark 14:3] to indicate the coming change. Prophecy for the moment); and they will say to you, ‘The asses which you went to seek are found: and, lo, your father has left the care of the asses, and sorrows for you, saying, ‘What shall I do for my son?’ ’
3: Then shall you go on forward from that place, and you shall come to the oak of Tabor (or terebinth; growing generally alone, becomes a conspicuous landmark), and there shall meet you three men going up to God to Bethel (= house of El [God]. Evidently a place of worship, in the absence of any "place", according to Deut. 12:5, &c. Cp. Ex. 20:24), one carrying three kids (probably their first-fruits. Cp. 2 Kings 44:42), and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:
4: And they will salute you (Heb. ask after your peace), and give you two loaves of bread; which you shall receive of their hands.
5: After that you shall come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when you are come to that place to the city, that you shall meet a company of prophets (first occ. of this expression. Probably a school established by Samuel [cp. Acts 3:24; 13:20]. The head of such school called "father" [cp. 10:12; 19:20], or "master" [2 Kings 2:3]. Such communities found later at Beth-el, Jericho, Gilgal [2 Kings 2:3,5; 4:38[; and probably here at Gibeah and Ramah [cp. Naioth, 19:18,20]) coming down from the high place with a viol (a stringed instrument, same as lute. Cp. 2 Sam. 6:5. 1 Kings 10:12. 1 Chron. 16:5. Isa. 5:12; 14:11. Amos 5:23; 6:5), and a drum (Heb. toph. Cp. 18:6. 2 Sam.6:5. Isa.5:12; 24:8; 30:32. Jer. 31:4. Ezek. 28:13. See note on "timbrel" Ex. 15:20), and a pipe (= a plain reed, single or double, played like modern flute. Note pl. in the Subscription of Ps. 5), and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy (not necessarily "foretell", but speak in the name of the Lord):
6: And the Spirit of the Lord will come upon you, and you shall prophesy with them, and shall be turned into another man. (God chooses whomsoever He wills. He can change minds)

7: And let it be, when these signs are come to you, that you do as your hand shall find; for God (Elohim) is with you.

8: And you shall go down before me to Gilgal (this was the beginning of organized rising against Philistines. All directed by God through Samuel; not Saul); and, behold, I will come down to you, to offer up burnt offerings, and to slay sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shall you tarry, till I come to you, and show you what you shall do.

9: And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him different heart (= mind): and all those signs came to pass that day.
10: And when they came to that place to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them. (this is a kind of miracle)
11: And it came to pass, when all that knew him before time saw that, behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one to another, “What is this that is come to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?” (God can give gifts to someones mind)
12: And one from that place answered and said, “But who is their father?” (= elder) Therefore it became a proverb, “Is Saul also among the prophets?”
13: And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high place.

14: And Saul's uncle said to him and to his servant, “To which place went you all?” And he said, “To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we came to Samuel.”
15: And Saul's uncle said, “Tell me, I pray you, what Samuel said to you.”
16: And Saul said to his uncle, “He told us plainly that the asses were found.” But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spoke, he told him not. (Saul has a problem believing)

17-25-. King Appointed.

W³  y¹  17. People assembled. En masse.
     z¹  18,19-. Samuel's remonstrance.
    Y²  -19. People presented. By tribes.
     z²  20-24-. Samuel. Lots cast.
    y³  -24. People. Approbation.
     z³  25-. Samuel. Confirmation.

17: And Samuel called the People together to the Lord to Mizpeh (= watchtower);
18: And said to the sons of Israel, “Thus says the Lord God of Israel (this rehearsal is to show that they had sinned, although He was giving a king. Their sin was not asking, but in forestalling Yehovah's already expressed purpose to give them a king [see Deut. 17:15 and cp. Gen. 49:10]), I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you:
19: And you all have this day rejected your God, who Himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and you all have said to Him, ‘No, but set a king over us.’

Now therefore present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes, and by your thousands.’ ”

20: And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken (i.e. by lot, by the Urim and Thummim. See Ex. 28:30).
21: When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and when he had brought near the family of Matri man by man Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found. (This whole get together was to make him king)
22: Therefore they inquired of the Lord further (i.e. by the High Priest. No priest mentioned between chapters 4 and 14, a period of 40 years = probation), if the man should yet come to that place. And the Lord answered, “Behold, he has hid himself among the stuff.”
23: And they ran and fetched him from that place: and when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward. (Just looks don't cut it. Character is needed! Do you see any in Saul?)
24: And Samuel said to all the people, “See you all him whom the Lord has chosen, that there is none like him among all the People?”

And all the people shouted, and said, “God save the king”. (Heb. Let the king live. An idiom which includes the desire that might have everything that makes life worth living, including also eternal life)

25: Then Samuel told the People the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book (Heb. the book; viz. the Book kept before Yehovah; even the Scriptures of Truth), and laid it up before the Lord.

And Samuel sent all the People away, every man to his house.
26: And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose minds God) had moved. (God controls what He wishes)
27: But the sons of Belial said, “How shall this man save us?” And they despised him, and brought him no presents (this was an insult). But he was as one that was deaf.

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