1 Kings 16)
1 Then the word of the Lord came to Jehu (= the living) the son of Hanani (cp. 2 Chron. 16:7-10; 19:2) against Baasha, saying,
2 “Forasmuch as I exalted you out of the dust, and made you prince over My People Israel (or captain = one raised up); and you have walked in the way of Jeroboam, and have made My People Israel to sin, to provoke Me to anger with their sins;
3 Behold, I will take away the posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house; and will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat (cp. 15:29; 14:11).
4 Him that dies of Baasha in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dies of his in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat.”
5 Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what he did, and his might, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
6 So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah: and Elah his son reigned in his stead.
7 And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the Lord against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the Lord, in provoking Him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam; and because he killed him.
Q³ e 8. Introduction. f g 9,10. Zimri. Conspiracy. h 11. Elah. Cut off. f g 12. Zimri. Prophecy. h 13. Elah cut off. Reason. e 14. Conclusion.
8 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah (= an oak, strength) the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.
9 And his servant Zimri (= musical), captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of [his] house in Tirzah.
10 And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
11 And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, [that] he slew all the house of Baasha: he left him not one that pisses against a wall (= not one male), neither of his kinsmen-redeemers, nor of his friends.
12 Thus did Zimri destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the Lord , which He spoke against (some codices read "to", others "concerning") Baasha by Jehu the prophet,
13 For all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, by which they sinned, and by which they made Israel to sin, in provoking the Lord God of Israel to anger with their idols (cp. v.26).
14 Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
Q4 i 15-. Introduction. k -15,16-. Zimri. Conspiracy. l -16. Omri. Elected. l 17. Omri. Siege of Tizrah. k 18,19. Zimri. Suicide. i 20. Conclusion.
15 In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah.
And the People [were] encamped against Gibbethon, which [belonged] to the Philistines.
16 And the People [that were] encamped heard say, “Zimri has conspired, and has also slain the king:”
wherefore all Israel made Omri (= pupil of the Lord), the captain of the host, king over Israel that day in the camp.
17 And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.
18 And it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went into the palace of the king's house, and burnt the king's house over him with fire, and died,
19 For his sins which he sinned in doing evil in the sight of the Lord (committed not merely during the 7 day's reign, but during his whole life, of course), in walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin which he did, to make Israel to sin (see 14:16).
20 Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
¶ m¹ 21. People. Division for Tibni. m² 22. People. Prevalence for Omri.
21 Then were the People of Israel divided into two parts: half of the People followed Tibni (= intelligent) the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri.
22 But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.
Q5 n 23. Introduction. o 24. Events. Building Samaria. o 25,26. Events. Evil-doing. n 27,28. Conclusion.
23 In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel (he reigned 12 years, and yet in v.29 Ahab began in the 38th year of Asa. Omri began to reign de jure when he slew Zimri, in the 27th year of of Asa; but only de facto on the death of Tibni the usurper), twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah (beginning in Asa's 31st and ending in Asa's 38th [v.29]).
24 And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver (approx. 220 lbs), and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, lord of the hill, Samaria (= watch mountain. This is the origin of the city).
25 But Omri wrought evil in the eyes of the Lord, and did worse than all that [were] before him.
26 For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin, to provoke the Lord God of Israel to anger with their vanities.
27 Now the rest of the acts of Omri which (some codices read "and all that") he did, and his might that he shewed, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
28 So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria: and Ahab his son reigned in his stead.
Q6 R 16:29-. Introduction. S T 16:-29-33. Personal evil. Idolatry. U 16:34-20:43. Public events. War with Syria. S T 21:1-29. Personal evil. Naboth. U 22:1-38. Public events. War with Syria. R 22:39,40. Conclusion.
29 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel:
T p -29. Ahab. Length of reign. q 30,31. Personal evil. q 32,33-. Public evil. p -33. Ahab. Character of reign.
and Ahab (= uncle) the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty-two years (#22 = light [can also mean false light], or 2 x 11. For spiritual significance see 14:20).
30 And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the Lord above all that [were] before him (the reign of Ahab opens a new era in Israel's history).
31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel (= chaste [used in irony]. Daughter of a regicide and fratricide [Josephus c. Apion 1.18, Ant. viii. 3. 1), priest of the Phoenician godess Astarte the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshiped him.
32 And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria.
33 And Ahab made a grove (= Ástorah. See Ex. 34:13);
and Ahab did more to provoke the Lord God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.
U V¹ 16:34. The rebuilding of Jericho. V² 17:1-19:21. The drought. V³ 20:1-43. War with Syria.
34 In his days did Hiel (= God lives) the Bethelite build Jericho (= to fortify and complete. It had been partially restored [Judg. 3:13. 2 Sam.10:5], but now became a fortified city of Israel): he laid the foundation thereof at the cost of Abiram his firstborn, and set up the gates thereof at the cost of his youngest [son] Segub, according to the word of the Lord, which He spoke by Joshua the son of Nun (cp. Josh. 6:26).