B4 d1 1,2. Israel (Jacob) to Judah. d2 3-12. Judah to Jesse.
1 Chronicles 2)
1 These are the sons of Israel (see Gen. 32:28; 43:8; 45:26,28); Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,
2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
3 The sons of Judah (put 1st because of him being chief. Cp. Gen. 38:1-11); Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born to him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.
4 And Tamar (Gen. 38:18,29, 30: and Matt. 1:3) his daughter in law bore him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.
5 The sons of Pharez (Ruth 4:18); Hezron, and Hamul.
6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
7 And the sons of Carmi; Achan, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.
8 And the sons of Ethan (not the same person as "Ethan the Ezrahites" [1 Kings 4:31], who was probably a Levite [see 1 Chron. 6:27-29; 15:17-19], and not of Judah, as the Heman and Ethan here); Azariah.
9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born to him; Jerahmeel, and Ram (Christ's genealogy traced through Jerahmeel. Called Amram in Matt. 1:3,4), and Caleb.
10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon (He led the van of Israel at the Exodus. Cp. Num. 2:3,9), prince of the sons of Judah;
11 And Nahshon begat Salmon (who married Rahab [Ruth 4:21]. He led on entry into Canaan), and Salma begat Boaz,
12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,
C4 e1 13-17. Jesse's posterity. e2 18-20. Caleb, the son of Hezron. e3 21-24. Hezron by daughter of Machir. e4 25-33. Jerahmeel's posterity. e5 34-41. Shesan's posterity. e6 42-49. Caleb's posterity. e7 50-55. Caleb, the son of Hur.
13 And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,
14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth,
15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh: ( Jesse begat 8 sons [1 Sam. 16:5-11 and 17:12-14]. Here 7 are numbered and named, and David is the 7th and the youngest; the 8th may have died and left no issue. While it was proper to mention the 8 in the history, it is unnecessary to do so in the genealogy.)
16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah (Sister of David. Nahash [2 Sam. 17:25] may have been the father of Jesse's wife. Otherwise, she and Abigail were half-sisters), and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
17 And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether (2 Sam. 17:25. Another name was Ithra) the Ishmeelite.
18 And Caleb the son of Hezron (the ancestor of "Caleb the son of Jephunneh" [Num. 13:6,30; 14:6,24; 32:12; 34:19. Josh. 14:6,14], who is distiguished from this Caleb in 4:15. This shows the present genealogy to be independant) begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took to him Ephrath (called Ephratah, v. 50. Cp. 4:4), which bare him Hur.
20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel. (gifted for the construction of the Tabernacle [Ex. 31:2 35:38; 36:1,2; 37:1]. This proves those to be wrong who assume that Caleb of v.18 is the same as Caleb the son of Jephunneh [Bezaleel's great-grandfather], thus creating their own difficulty.)
21 And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir (cp. Num. 32:40. Deut. 3:15) the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub.
22 And Segub begat Jair, who had twenty three cities in the land of Gilead. (Increased afterward to 30 [Judg. 10:4.)
23 And he took Geshur (N.E. of Basham [Deut. 3:14. Josh. 12:5. 2 Sam. 15:8), and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them (i.e. the Manassites), with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even sixty cities (Num. 32:33. Deut. 3:4). All these took the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
24 And after that Hezron was dead in Calebephratah (some wrongly affirm that this grandson of Judah must have died in Egypt. True, Hezron lived in Egypt, but did no one ever leave Egypt? Had he not heard of Abraham's sepulchre and Jacob's funeral? Had he no faith and no thoughts of God's promises? The difficulty is createdgratuitously. His death there gave the name to the place, afterward called Bet-lehem), then Abiah Hezron's wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.
25 And the sons of Jerahmeel (1 Sam. 27:10; 30:29) the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, of Ahijah.
26 Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.
27 And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.
28 And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab and Abishur.
29 And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid.
30 And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children.
31 And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.
32 And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died without children.
33 And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel.
34 Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha.
35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife (so to make him his heir. The laws of Khammurabi included this); and she bare him Attai.
36 And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad,
37 And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed,
38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah,
39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah,
40 And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat Shallum,
41 And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat Elishama.
42 Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were (and son of Hezron v. 18), Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah (the name of a city in Judah [Josh. 15:44. 2 Chron. 11:8) the father (here used in the sense of ruler) of Hebron. (The name also of a city in Judah. [Gen. 13:18; 23:2,19]. See Num. 13:22. Given to Caleb by Joshua [14:13])
43 And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and Tappuah (the name of a city [Josh. 15:34]), and Rekem (also a city, of Benjamin [Josh. 18:27), and Shema.
44 And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai.
45 And the son of Shammai was Maon (also the name of a city [Josh. 15:5]. Mentioned in connection with David [1 Sam. 23:24]): and Maon was the father of Bethzur.
46 And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.
47 And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and Jotham, and Gesham, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph.
48 Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah.
49 She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsa. ("Caleb the son of Jehunneh" had a daughter named Achsah, who married Othniel [Josh 15:16,17. Judg. 1:12,13). Hence the "discrepancy" assumed by some)
50 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur (the son of Caleb in v. 19, Hur giving him the name of his own father. It is possible that this Caleb may have been the son of Jephunneh [Num. 13:6]. Jephunneh being the sur-name of the Hur of Ex. 17:10; 24:14; 31:2; 35:30), the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim. (An old Gibeonite city [Josh. 19:17; 15:60], where the Ark tarried long, and from where it was brought to Zion by David [1 Sam. 6:21; 7:2; 2 Sam. 6:2. 1 Chron. 13:5,6.])
51 Salma (A family name, repeated in Ruth 4:20 and v. 11 above) the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Bethgader (Probably the same as Geder in 12:4; 27:28. Cp. Josh. 12:13.).
52 And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites. (other half v. 54)
53 And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zerah, and the Eshtaol, (2 cities of Judah [Josh. 15:33. Judg 13:25; 16:31])
54 The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.
55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez (supposed to be founded by Jabez); the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath (These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab. Note that they are scribes. Not from Judah. Letís recap this, what have we discovered? The seed had arrived on earth; Cain being the first murderer as he was not listed in Adamís genealogy. And we see that he still survived the flood. And this man of sin would appear again as we have already discovered from other places. We see some of the events that would happen from that old serpent, the devil, the dragon. What are you to do about that as a Christian? Christ does not leave us wanting, but he teaches us very adequately. See. Judg. 1:16; and cp. 1 Sam. 15:6; 27::10. They became an ascetic people, and, by being mentioned herein connection with the "scribes", may have been teachers. This perhaps accounts for Jehu's action in 2 Kings 10:15,16), the father of the house of Rechab. (See Jer. 35:1-11)