1 Chronicles 14)
1 Now Hiram (see 2 Sam. 5:11) king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house.
2 And David perceived that the Lord had confirmed him king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of his people Israel.
3 And David took more wives (cp. 3:9. 2 Sam. 5:13-16) at Jerusalem: and David begat more sons and daughters.
4 Now these are the names of his children (of both sexes) which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon,
5 And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet,
6 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
7 And Elishama, and Beeliada, (in 2 Sam. 5:16 called Eliada, which was a latter name, perhaps changed from Beeliada because of the name "Baal", ord lord, which at first innocent, came to be associated with idolatry. See 8:34) and Eliphalet.
W a 8. Fame heard by Philistines'. b c 9. Philistines array. d 10. Inquiry and promise. e 11,12. Defeat of Philistines. b c 13. Philistines' array. d 14,15. Inquiry and direction. e 16. Defeat of Philistines.
8 And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for (especially for blood or life. Cp. 2 Sam. 4:11, "require") David. And David heard of it, and went out against them. (2 Sam. 5:17 says "went down to the hold". But this was earlier; for the later command was "you shall bestir yourself", which corresponds with the command "Go up" [v.10] here, as well as with "you shall bestir yourself" of 2 Sam. 5:24)
9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rapha. (see 11:15)
10 And David inquired of God, saying, (here, it is God's power as Creator. In 2 Sam. 19 it is Yehovah's faithfulness to David. Both pleas were in David's mind, and the accounts are complimentary. Cp. them in this narrative. Here, Elohim 6 times; Yehovah once. In 2 Sam., Yehovah 6 times; Elohim not once) "Shall I go up against the Philistines? And will You deliver them into my hand?" And the Lord said to him, "Go up; for I will deliver them into your hand.
11 So they came up to Baalperazim; and David smote them there. Then David said, "God has broken in upon my enemies by my hand like the breaking forth of waters:" therefore they called the name of that place Baal-perazim.
12 And when they had left their gods there, (Cp. 1 Sam. 4) David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire. (This is supplementary information. In 2 Sam. 5:21 David "took them away": i.e. to burn them, as recorded here)
13 And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley.
14 Therefore David inquired again of God; and God said to him, "Go not up after them; turn away from them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
15 And it shall be, when you shall hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then you shall go out to battle: for God is gone forth before you to smite the host of the Philistines."
16 David therefore did as God commanded him: and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon (in 2 Sam. 5:25, Geba. But both places were close together, and the accounts independent) even to Gezer.
17 And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the Lord brought the fear of him upon all nations. (Put for all nations in all parts of the world.)