A F1 1 Chron. 10:1-14. The house of Saul overthrown. F2 1 Chron. 11:1-2 Chron. 36:21. The House of David established.
F1 i 1. Flight of Israel. k 2,3. Philistines' pursuit of Saul. l 4-6. "So Saul died, and". (Event). i 7. Flight of Israel. k 8-12. Philistines' indignities to Saul. l 13,14. "So Saul died, for". (Reason).
1 Chronicles 10)
1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; (cp. 1 Sam. 31:1-6 and 2 Sam. 1:9,10) and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
2 And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, (another name for Ishui [1 Sam. 14:49) and Malchishua, the sons of Saul.
3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers.
4 Then said Saul to his armourbearer, "Draw your sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and mock me." But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise on the sword, and died.
6 So Saul died, (here the event. In v.13, the reason) and three of his sons, and all his family died together. (Put for the greater part)
7 And when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
9 And when they had stripped him, they took his Head [which they had cut off], and his armor, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people.
10 And they put his armor in the house of their gods, (Ashtaroth. Cp. 1 Sam. 31:10) and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon. (This is additional to 1 Sam. 31:10. "His body", there, is additional to this passage. The 2 books thus independent and complementary.)
11 And when all Jabeshgilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul,
12 They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, (after they had burnt them. 1 Sam. 31:12,13) and fasted seven days.
13 So Saul died for (in this book the reason; in 1 Sam. only the event) his disobedience which he committed against the LORD, (shown in his faithlessness or defection. Cp. 1 Sam. 13:13,14; 15:1-9; 28:7) even against the word of the Lord, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, (see Lev. 19:31) to inquire of it; (= to seek earnestly and to consult. Saul sought thus with the medium, but not with Yahaveh. See 1 Sam. 28:6,7)
14 And inquired not of the Lord: therefore He (Yahaveh. 1 Chron. gives the esoteric cause. 1 Sam. gives the exoteric event, which men could see) slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.